Now that we know how the 3D Printing process works in constructing houses, and the materials used for the same, let us look at some of the pioneering work being done in this field by 3D Printing enthusiasts and organizations, alike. In case you haven’t read the preceding article, you can do so by clicking, here/(Part 1).
A Russian company, Apis Cor has come up with a 3D Printer which measures 4.5 meters in length, 1.5 meters in height and width. This machine, requiring a set-up time of just 30 minutes, has 3D Printed a house within 24 hours in Russia. Isn’t it wonderful that you can now build a house in just one day?!
Recently, BatiPrint has 3D printed a social housing in Nantes. The collaboration of BatiPrint with LS2N has produced a robot that can build walls as high as 7 meters. NewStory, a housing company has manufactured 3D Printed homes in a single day at just $4000. Another amazing application of 3D Printing is witnessed in the construction of 3D Printed cabins in the locality of Amsterdam with an aim to go for innovative and sustainable housing network.
Having properly administered the working and application of 3D Printed houses, it is quite fascinating to come across such a technology which can build large houses and structures within no time. Therefore, it’s equally important that we meticulously measure its advantages and setbacks. Looking at the pros, there is a huge reduction in labor costs, increase in the rate of construction, and proper regulation of the construction activities. With 3D Printing, one has the freedom to design houses according to their own specifications. However, one needs to be aware of the nitty-grittes. While it seems a tenable option for building houses in remote areas, disaster or calamity-prone areas need to be properly studied and accordingly the parameters to build 3D Printed houses need to be considered.
Although we have seen and understood the concepts and the capabilities of a 3D Printed house, there lies a huge gap between demonstrating the building of a structure and coalescing houses that will provide long-term benefits for the residents. The change in the texture of materials used in 3D Printed houses, which are made up of cement, highly point fingers towards the structural integrity of these houses and their environmental outcomes.
However recently, Van Wijnen, a renowned Dutch construction company is engaged in 3D printing the first habitable homes in the world and claim that these houses are going to excel in home inspection categories. Named as Project Milestone, five 3D Printed homes are going to be built with the aid of a huge robotic arm which is basically a large 3D Printing machine. The interior and exterior features of these houses will be 3D printed whereas the innate furnishing, fittings, and other aspects are to be addressed by traditional methods of construction.
With the above examples, it is obvious that building these houses requires a lot of innovation and all these steps add up to a more futuristic venture. The idea of generating a large number of houses within less time, with minimal costs, and wastage is possible because of the introduction of 3D Printing.
Along with this ongoing discussion about 3D Printed houses, it becomes mandatory that we reflect upon the impact of 3D Printed houses on our surroundings. 3D Printing in the construction industry has motivated many companies to design houses which can have serious connotations on the society simultaneously diminishing the housing problems across the world. 3D Printed houses can be easily customized and can be a sustainable way of housing. These houses are available at reasonable prices and can be created faster, even in a few hours. They are capable of providing good alternatives to housing in various economically backward areas and those prone to calamities. Building layers of concrete, biodegradable plastics, and other building materials to erect strong and supporting walls provide environmentally-friendly shelter and safety.
For now, understanding the construction and technicalities of 3D Printed houses is still in its infancy. Frequent experiments are still conducted to exploit the true potential of 3D Printing in the construction industry. With this continuous engagement, the application of 3D Printing technology in construction activities has become incipient. These houses can cut down the housing crisis occurring globally. 3D Printed houses becoming habitable is still some time away from being mainstream. But, hey, it is getting there!